Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum
Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum
The MiG-29K fighter bomber aircraft is manufactured by RSK MiG and the Irkutsk Aircraft Production Association Joint Stock Company. The MiG-29, 30 and 33 are known by the Nato code name Fulcrum.
The MiG-29K is the carrier-based version. It took off for its maiden flight in October 1977 and entered service in August 1983.
The mission of the MiG-29 is to destroy hostile air targets within radar coverage limits and to destroy ground targets using unguided weapons in visual flight conditions.
The aircraft’s fixed-wing profile with large wing leading-edge root extensions gives good manoeuvrability and control at subsonic speeds, including manoeuvres at high angles of attack. The maximum operational g-loading is 9g.
A two-seater version, MiG-29M2, took its maiden flight in 2001. A super-manoeuvrable variant, MiG-29M OVT, with 3D thrust-vectoring engine nozzles was successfully demonstrated at the Farnborough International Airshow in July 2006. The nozzle has three hydraulic actuators mounted around the engine to deflect the thrust. The aircraft is being offered to potential customers as the MiG-35.
MiG-29 Fulcrum deployments
“The Russian Air Force has begun an upgrade programme for 150 of its MiG-29 fighters, which will be designated MiG-29SMT.”
About 1,600 MiG-29s are currently operational worldwide and approximately 600 MiG-29s and variants are in service with the Russian Air Force.
The fighter is also in service with the air forces of Algeria (35), Bangladesh (eight), Belarus (41), Bulgaria (18), Cuba (four), Eritrea (seven), Germany (23), Hungary (21), India (69), Iran (25), Kazakhstan (40), Malaysia (16), Myanmar (ten), North Korea (40), Peru (19), Poland (36), Romania (15), Slovakia (23), Serbia (three), Syria (19), Sudan (12), Turkmenistan (24), Ukraine (220), Uzbekistan (60) and Yemen (19).
MiG-29 orders and deliveries
The 22 MiG-29 aircraft in the German Air Force have been leased to the Polish Air Force. The first five were handed over in September 2003 and deliveries concluded in August 2004.
In January 2004, India ordered 16 new MiG-29Ks (12 single-seat and four two-seater MiG-29KUB) to equip the INS Vikramaditya (formerly Admiral Gorshkov) carrier, which was bought from the Russian Navy for $1.5bn. The first production MiG-29K made its maiden flight in March 2008. The first four aircraft were delivered to the Indian Navy in December 2009.
The MiG-29Ks were designated as Black Panthers by the Indian Navy. In March 2010, the Indian Navy unveiled plans to purchase a further 30 aircraft for its indigenous aircraft carrier. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2012.
In August 2004, the Defence Ministry of Sudan announced it would acquire a further 12 MiG-29 aircraft, converting options under a contract for ten fighters placed in 2002. Deliveries on the original contract concluded in July 2004.
In January 2006, Algeria placed an order for 34 MiG-29 fighters and the upgrade of 30 aircraft in the Algerian fleet. 12 upgraded aircraft were delivered in 2007, but were not accepted by Algeria, which cancelled the upgrade programme in February 2008.
In July 2011, the Mongolian Air Force announced its plan to procure five MiG-29 aircraft.
- Crew: 1
- Length: 17.32 m (56 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 11.36 m (37 ft 3 in)
- Height: 4.73 m (15 ft 6 in)
- Wing area: 38 m² (409 ft²)
- Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,250 lb)
- Loaded weight: 14,900 kg (33,730 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 18,000 kg (44,100 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 3,500 kg (7,716 lb) internal
- Powerplant: 2 × Klimov RD-33 afterburning turbofans, 81.59 kN (18,342 lbf) each
- Maximum speed:
- At high altitude: Mach 2.25 (2,400 km/h; 1,490 mph)
- At low altitude: Mach 1.21 (1,500 km/h; 930 mph)
- Range: 1,430 km (888 mi; 772 nmi) with maximum internal fuel
- Ferry range: 2,100 km (1,300 mi; 1,130 nmi) with 1 drop tank
- Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,100 ft)
- Rate of climb: 330 m/s (65,000 ft/min) (initial); 109 m/s (21,500 ft/min) (average) (0–6,000 m)
- Wing loading: 403 kg/m² (82 lb/ft²)
- Thrust/weight: 1.09
- Maximum g-load: 9 g
- Guns: 1 × 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1 autocannon with 150 rounds
- Hardpoints: 7 × hardpoints (6 × underwing, 1 × fuselage) with a capacity of up to 4,000 kg (8,800 lb) of stores and provisions to carry combinations of:
- 2 × R-27R/ER/T/ET/P air-to-air missiles
- 4 × R-60 AAMs
- 4 × R-73 AAMs
- Bombs: 6 × 665 kg (1,466 lb) bombs